“PERMA” stands for the five essential elements that should be in place for us to experience lasting well-being. These are:

1. Positive Emotion (P)
For us to experience well-being, we need positive emotion in our lives. Any positive emotion such as peace, gratitude, satisfaction, pleasure, inspiration, hope, curiosity or love falls into this category – and the message is that it’s really important to enjoy yourself in the here and now, just as long as the other elements of PERMA are in place.

2. Engagement (E)
When we’re truly engaged in a situation, task, or project we experience a state of flow: time seems to stop, we lose our sense of self and we concentrate intensely on the present. The more we experience this type of engagement, the more likely we are to experience well-being.

3. Positive Relationships (R)
As humans, we are “social beings” and good relationships are core to our well-being. Time and again we see that people who have meaningful, positive relationships with others are happier than those who do not.

4. Meaning (M)
Meaning comes from serving a cause bigger than ourselves. Whether this is a specific deity or religion, or a cause that helps humanity in some way, we all need meaning in our lives to have a sense of well-being.

5. Accomplishment/Achievement (A)
Many of us strive to better ourselves in some way, whether we’re seeking to master a skill, achieve a valuable goal or win in some competitive event. As such, accomplishment is another important thing that contributes to our ability to flourish.